Many people visiting my book display were interested in Ancient Africans’ incredible inventions, Discoveries, and Creations superiority. Gist: Primitive Africans made the first “plastic” construction materials by mixing clay, sand, and water and molding it into articles (e.g. pottery) before drying them in the sun or baked until hard. Some were used for bartering. They improved on things designed by animals + invented and discovered things which ensured their survival—rafts, crude clothing, tools, weapons and traps, the wheel, pottery, the marked stick for measuring, and ways of making fire and smelting copper and iron. Enemas were devised by the Pygmies of the Ituri Forest; a loom for spinning cloth; coffee, from Ethiopia; and "Animal Tales"–Fables—for night entertainment. Resultant Principles underlying these inventions and discoveries remain fundamental to human existence. No one of the early inventions was the greatest, as each was important at the time—and each invention stood on the shoulders of those preceding it and, in turn, provided shoulders for inventions to follow. For example, without fire African’s early metal industry could not have been born. When Africans started to live in villages and in larger settlements, more massive and more permanent structures were built—and some with brick. Those involved many new inventions. The earliest builders used rocks and dead trees. Tools were invented for cutting down trees used for bridges + for shaping and cutting stone. At first, these tools were themselves wood or stone but were later replaced by the discovery/invention of metal. Meanwhile, interior Africans invented writing and personal adornments, at least as early as 77,000 BC. Sometime later, Very Ancient Africans captured, tamed, and communicated with animals in the animals’ language! Out of such communications, descendants of Primitive Africans–the Sans (Bushman as called by Europeans) of Kalahari–to this day engage in the “Click”, “Whistle,” and similar imitative language practices of animals. Agriculture and the plow’s invention (?20,000 BC) required the invention of hoes and digging-sticks to plant, and sickles to reap. Circumcision, trephining (relieving brain pressure,Caesarean sections, the Scientific Method (1500 BC), Surgery (including inside the human brain and eyes) + being specialists in herbs for medicine were done by physicians.
Ancient Nubians and Egyptians (c2600 BC) were heavily involved in tomb building and that led them to invent inclined planes to raise the great stone blocks of the pyramids into position—some blocks weighing 50 tons. Some blocks were even manufactured on the job site. To cut such large pieces of stone, shape them, and move them into position required many inventions. Daily time-keeping or the shadow-clock was invented around 1500 BC. Then was the clepsydra, or water clock (c1400 BC) to measure time by the flow of water from a small hole in a large container. Usually, an invention came as a result of key ideas after a long period of trial and error or sometimes from an accident. For example, although it had a long incubation period, an Egyptian knife (between 900 and 800 BC) is the world’s oldest voluntary making of a “steeled” piece of iron (Diop, Civilization, p285).
Since, from very early times, Africans engaged in traveling by sea, there were constant inventions on sea worthy vessels. To this end, the Ancient Egyptians had lamps for lighting, animal-powered gristmills and devices to lift water for irrigation. Their accurate calendar (4236 BC), recognized three seasons, each lasting four lunar months and based on the annual Nile flood, the sowing, and the harvesting. By 1800 BC, Black Egyptians had invented spoked wheels and a box, or wagon body for their vehicles. They used some of these in chariot races. When Romans came into existence, they were so awed with African brilliance as to say: "Ex Africa semper aliquid"–freely translated: "There is always something new coming out of Africa."In construction and architecture, Egyptian buildings made use of only two basic forms: the vertical post, or column, and the horizontal beam or lintel—which the Greeks later claimed + the Arch, which Romans also claimed as their own originals. Other inventions included all forms of Mathematics, bowling, chess, the alphabet, paper, wigs, door locks, toothpaste, glass, mascara, Physics, martial arts, Thanksgiving, books, schools, the Olympics, Spirituality, biochemical things like Melanin and Carbon, and infinite others. An equally infinite list applies to Creations and Discoveries. Hence, Ancient Africa was the world’s mecca. jabaileymd.com