Over 30,000 Rock Art engravings and paintings have been discovered that were created by the “Ba-Twa”–“small statured” Africans of Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania–the oldest known (c200,000 BC) of the human species. Of course, each of their individualized pattern variations of picture art was that author’s—and their Primitive African descendants’ “Style.” Rock Art employs a variety of techniques—low-relief carving and engraving with stone tools; modeling, finger tracing, & impressed hands in clay or soft limestone. Painting is done with fingers, hand prints, daubers, or brushes. Among them are some of the earliest internal sources of African Music. One is a vivid dance scene, complete with body adornments and movements representing a Style still found in many African societies. With the introduction of Hieroglyphic Writing, said to be by Tehuti (15,500 BC ?), Ancient Africans cut picture symbols, called “characters,” with chisels and hammers. Eventually, on each brick or vase or stone monument, a stonecutter made his own distinctive symbol “trademark”–in the way one designs a trademark symbol whenever one signs one name on a piece of paper. Since no one can sign another’s name quite like that other, ones signature is ones unique style. As more hand-writings appeared, categories were needed. Two early categories were Practical styles(done by a skilled writer) and Rough Styles (indicating the writer had not manipulated the writing tool well). When Europeans were exposed to these “Styles” devised from Very Ancient Africans’ first writing instrument, called a Stylus, they had no ability to understand the concepts associated with them. Then, the Romans altered the African stylus by the innovation of an iron-pointed peg and other instruments for writing on wax tablets.
They, and other Europeans, metaphorically accepted the Style idea as ‘something written’. Next, they falsely claimed all of it as their invention. Thereafter, diluted and polluted European Style concepts radiated into every human endeavor. Examples include: architecture; art, in different manners of writing or speaking; for behaviors, clothing, engraving tools, flower parts, skill, specialty, romance, and perfection of any human endeavors’ point of view. The focus of each of these may pertain to a particular kind, sort, or type of Thing–as with reference to distinctive or characteristic form, appearance, kind, mode, motif, preference, or character. The Spotlighted Styles are: (1) a way of living; (2) emphasizing quality and distinction of fashion; and (3) all vocabulary, phraseology, and diction devices going to make expression distinctive and individual—i.e. everything in expression that marks it as artistic or pictorial or personal or memorable in reference to names and titles. Such denotes observance of the conventional and the ceremonious, especially as these pertain to formal procedures and set-ups—e.g. letterheads, invitations, notices in script roman and italic face styles. Various groups—e.g. “Lumpers and Splitters”—or, like teeth, Incisors and Grinders—determined the final shape of a Style more from attitudes of mind than from principles of composition. Of the multiple resultant groupings, certain ones had diagnostic importance. For example, slovenly writing styles were said to reflect slovenly Secular thinking; obscure writing styles spotlighted confused Supernatural writing.
Extensions of this were those with slovenly or obscure styles being everlasting and promiscuous talkers—seemingly having an exhaustless magazine of sounds–crowding so many words into their circular thoughts—and always featuring the ambiguous, confusing, and conflicting. More expansions occurred: the sense of fashionable style designs, arrangements, or combinations is first recorded in 1934; Stylish is having fashionable clothes, furnishings, manners, and being voguish, up-to-date, “hip,” “with-it”; Stylist, one who styles hair, dates to 1937 and now suggests an artist unusually gifted with a flair for working in one or a number of demanding modes—e.g. short story and song stylists; and Style books, rules of spelling, punctuation, and typography. For all, their application Effects may be good for everybody, good for some and bad for others, or bad for most or all. Yet, to be attacked on Style has typically demanded no answer, for the “Style” of a Thing speaks for itself. Although Europeans’ Secular and Supernatural Styles have never had any agreed upon meaning specificity, perhaps the best “big picture” comment for giving Style a “handle” is a manner of expressing thoughts, feelings, expressions, and deeds—i.e. Manners in which things are presented.jabaileymd.com;JABLifeSkills; Theievoice.com.