Since Humankind’s beginning, all parents have told their little children the “Particular”: “don’t hit people—you would not want them to do that to you”. But something more accounts for the world-wide accepted diverse and un-unified “General” notions centered around the theme of all morality being rooted in how one ought to behave toward others. I propose the “seed” concept came from the Ancient African, Ptah-hotep, author of what many Black Scholars call the world’s oldest book. Ptah-hotep laid down Proverbs for living—e.g. telling African people the most important of all the arts of living is to be Kind—i.e. to treat others as Kindly as they would like to be treated. This concept was borrowed, modified, and enunciated by pagan philosophers–both before and after the supposed European Jesus Christ–by Sophists (Isocrates), and by anti-Sophists (Aristotle). Various advocates, instead of dealing with “Particulars” (like parents scolding children), gave it a boomerang interpretation. That refers to the “General” ways in which one would have others act in response to the way it was sent out to them.
But what that boomerang looks like depends upon each person’s Philosophy of life (POL). In addition, some claim it comprehends all morality requirements in a single formula; some say it provides just that element required of justice and fairness; some say it is a perfect guide to conduct and that the only thing needed to make the world perfect is for everyone to follow it. Yet, acceptance of it by most people implies advocating its unexamined assumptions as, nevertheless, constituting a Truth Principle. Hence, by different cultures having different “General” versions helps explain why it remains so controversial. Critical Thinking—knowing that “Just because an authority says it, does not make it so”—seeks to discover who, if any of them, are capable of devising world-dominating “General” moral Truths.
At the core of each of these innumerable moral, religious, and social codes are advocates presupposing a uniformity of Human Nature. The implication is that a human’s Endowments (i.e. natural qualities) and Propensities (in-born tendencies, e.g. a human’s capacities, abilities, and language) are the same for all humans and each expresses them identically. This, a false Axiom proposal, is obviously not self-evident or of an indisputable truth. All reasonable people “know” there is no uniformity of tastes, interests, desires, or displays of Physical Needs (e.g. Safety, Security), Mental Needs (e.g. Metaphysical Truths), and Spiritual Needy Wants (e.g. the Love Platter). Instead, each individual–despite having the same Spiritual Elements “Genetics” as all other humans–is unique. Furthermore, how a given human thinks, feels, expresses, acts and reacts, from one given like-kind happening to another like-kind happening, expresses differently. Also, that human’s Selfhood is not the same from moment to moment–nor is that human’s environment and situation. Europeans Supernatural/Physical world orientation to “How Shall I live?” is “Non-Rational” and “Conditional Love” based. Black People’s Spiritual world orientation is exactly the opposite—and is about “Rational” (i.e. Mathematical) and “Unconditional Love” thinking for “How Shall I live?” Much Experience has taught me that to do “unto Europeans” what they want is about increasing the amount of, and preventing the loss of, money available to them. I have no interest in either. Since Europeans dominate by the GUN (any killing device), Black People must pass their tests and know to protect/defend themselves—and yet are devastated by adopting any European ways as lifestyles.
The GUN prevents Supernatural cults from having to take responsibility for what they do; having no need to conform to other’s cultural POL and custom differences; and talking sensibly, letting the public figure out their Fantasy expressions. People with warrior POL mindsets are attracted to or generate whatever provokes them into quarrels, fights, war. To satisfy their fettered Needy Wants, they make “feigned” enemies and poke others to attack. That is all they know, all they will do, what they want, and will never change. Yet, they are terribly fearful of their Scapegoats coming to power and then treating them by the “Golden Rule”—i.e doing unto them as their sadistic wickedness has done unto their Victims. By contrast, they have and do nothing that makes for a “Good Life.” Good people do not want any of those warriors’ hostility lifestyles. African Tradition sees both Good and Bad Deeds as “ME/WE” because the “ME” and the “WE” are inseparable. jabaileymd.com; JABLifeSkills