The African word “Courage” refers to the “Heart”–used in a figurative sense for the “deepest recesses of the human Psyche" (African, 'Psyche' = Soul) as well as deeming it to be the seat of Feelings, Spirit, and Nature–ones Mind, Senses, Emotional Body, and Creative Power–the place of ones Moral and Spiritual nature–a human's center or ‘residence’ where issues of her/his life are determined”. To put this into perspective, a human’s Soul is the Spark of God—called the “Self” or Divine Consciousness—the “What and Who” a human is—a human’s Identity—whose function is to Will. The Self dictates out of its wisdom storehouse, the Conscience, the What and Why to the Will to put this into action by way of that human’s Spirit. That Self/Will/Conscience/Spirit overlap contains a human’s Courage–a “Self’s” “What and Why” moral quality, gained from Conscience, and directed by Will Power’s “How and When”—all operating by Instinct. The overlap of the Conscience and the Mind, when symbolized, is called the very “Subtle Mind”. This “Subtle Mind”–The “Heart"–partially controls ones thoughts entering the Mind; is the repository of subconscious desires; is the container of the center of thought, memory, and feelings present throughout ones lifetime; and, Ancient Africans said, it penetrates the universal nature of Reality.Conscience is the Spiritual vehicle that conveys to a human’s mind the Spiritual Elements, in the form of the Ultimate Standard of Right Life Living –i.e. the fundamental rights and wrongs in life. These righteousness aspects were installed by the Cosmic Mind into the Soul of that human-to-be prior to that human’s birth on Earth. Thus, when Spiritually oriented people plan to do wrong or do it, their Conscience involuntarily reacts out of Instinct—and not from an acquired reflex. Courage carries out the Self/Will/Conscience/Spirit dictates; features a fixed resolve not to ever give up on a necessary “to do”; and the taking of actions of leaving behind whatever is not promoting going straight ahead to a “Self’s” destination.
Ancient African Sages used the “Heart”–as a metaphor for ones innermost instincts (Feelings) which gives rise to Courage—and the “Subtle Mind’s” Circumspection related to Just Causes. However, the Mind portions of the "Heart" are accessible to heredity and ones environmental influences—both molding the “Heart’s” expressions with certain identifying metaphysical “markings” from the way a human handles life experiences. Ancient Africans likened those markings to the “carvings” of identifying Characters their stone-cutters made on walls. A reason Courage is the supreme virtue is because its “markings” are the “seeds” emanating “roots” for other like-kind virtues pertaining to Surviving, Self-Protection, Self-Preservation, Thriving, “ME/WE” benefits, and life’s Mission to manifest into completion. Hence, the degree of soundness in the Conscience/Mind interchange determines comparable soundness in each of Courage’s virtue offspring. At it best, Spiritual Courage is demanded in order for one to be powerful enough to be ones Real Self; to be Private and Public Self founded in Selfhood Greatness; to select the choices of lifestyle conforming to the Spiritual Elements flow; to decide to willingly deal with the difficult problems one does not and would not ordinarily choose; and to make combined Pre-Birth Emotions and Pure Intellect decisions in the best interest of “ME/WE”. Ones Real Self Courage pours Life and Spiritual energy into ones MetaphysicalPassions. Ancient Africans considered Metaphysical Passion to be an indivisible duality (like two sides of a coin). On one side it promotes Good and motivates reducing acting “ugly.” On the other side, it serves as an alarm to threats, disturbances, and dangers to ones Spiritual, Mental, and/or Physical Human Nature Needs.
Both sides join to generate Foresight (seeing ahead), soForethought (doing all the “figuring out” and planning before taking calculated risks during the performance of action), Prudence (the exercise of caution and economy in ones daily life), and Judgment (making correct choices, decisions, or solutions) can plan for best “ME/WE” results. This requires observing things without an opinion and then having the Courage to assess and examine deeply and thoroughly all aspects of ones own every belief–and particularly those clung to. Those results minimize or prevent the bad, while restoring or paving a way to the Good. These “ME/WE” actions demand “Purity of Heart"—i.e. no “me, me, me” secret ulterior motives or deceptive hidden agendas or evil. jabaileymd.com; JABLifeSkills